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Version: 5.17

Hooks

DevSpace allows you to define certain actions that should be executed during the pipeline. This makes it possible to customize the deployment and development process with DevSpace. The following actions can be executed with hooks:

  • Execute a command on the local machine (in a golang shell or directly on the system)
  • Execute a command in a container
  • Upload a file or folder into a container
  • Download a file or folder from a container
  • Wait for a container to start or terminate
  • Print the logs of container

Hooks can be defined in the hooks section of devspace.yaml:

hooks:
# Execute the hook in a golang shell (cross operating system compatible)
- command: "echo before image building"
events: ["before:build"]
# Execute the hook in a golang shell (cross operating system compatible)
- command: |
echo Built Image image(image-1):tag(image-1)
events: ["after:build:image-1"]
# Execute the hook directly on the system (echo binary must exist)
- command: "echo"
args: ["before image building"]
events: ["before:build:image-1", "before:build:image-2"]
# Execute the hook only on windows
- command: "echo before each image"
os: windows
events: ["before:build:*"]

This tells DevSpace to execute the command echo before image building before any image will be built.

Lifecycle Events#

You are able to define hooks for the following lifecycle events:

  • before:deploy, after:deploy, before:deploy:[name], after:deploy:[name], error:deploy:[name], skip:deploy:[name]: executed while DevSpace deploys deployments. [name] can be replaced with the config name of a deployment or * to match all.
  • before:render, after:render, before:render:[name], after:render:[name], error:render:[name]: executed while DevSpace renders deployments during devspace render. [name] can be replaced with the config name of a deployment or * to match all.
  • before:purge, after:purge, before:purge:[name], after:purge:[name], error:purge:[name]: executed while DevSpace purges deployments during devspace purge. [name] can be replaced with the config name of a deployment or * to match all.
  • before:build, after:build, before:build:[name], after:build:[name], error:build:[name], skip:build:[name]: executed while DevSpace builds images. [name] can be replaced with the config name of an image or * to match all.
  • start:sync:[name], stop:sync:[name], error:sync:[name], restart:sync:[name], before:initialSync:[name], after:initialSync:[name], error:initialSync:[name]: executed while DevSpace syncs files with dev.sync. [name] can be replaced with the config name of a sync configuration or * to match all.
  • start:portForwarding:[name], restart:portForwarding:[name], error:portForwarding:[name], stop:portForwarding:[name]: executed while DevSpace port forwards with dev.ports. [name] can be replaced with the config name of a port forwarding configuration or * to match all.
  • start:reversePortForwarding:[name], restart:reversePortForwarding:[name], error:reversePortForwarding:[name], stop:reversePortForwarding:[name]: executed while DevSpace reverse port forwards with dev.ports. [name] can be replaced with the config name of a port forwarding configuration or * to match all.
  • before:createPullSecrets, after:createPullSecrets, error:createPullSecrets: executed while DevSpace creates pullSecrets
  • devCommand:before:execute, devCommand:after:execute, devCommand:error, devCommand:interrupt, devCommand:before:sync, devCommand:after:sync, devCommand:before:portForwarding, devCommand:after:portForwarding, devCommand:before:replacePods, devCommand:after:replacePods, devCommand:before:runPipeline, devCommand:after:runPipeline, devCommand:before:deployDependencies, devCommand:after:deployDependencies, devCommand:before:build, devCommand:after:build, devCommand:before:deploy, devCommand:after:deploy, devCommand:before:openTerminal, devCommand:before:streamLogs: executed at certain lifecycle events during the devspace dev command
  • deployCommand:before:execute, deployCommand:after:execute, deployCommand:error, deployCommand:interrupt executed at different checkpoints when devspace deploy is executed
  • purgeCommand:before:execute, purgeCommand:after:execute, purgeCommand:error, purgeCommand:interrupt executed at different checkpoints when devspace purge is executed
  • buildCommand:before:execute, buildCommand:after:execute, buildCommand:error, buildCommand:interrupt executed at different checkpoints when devspace build is executed
Errors in Hooks

If any hook returns a non zero exit code, DevSpace will abort and print an error message.

For error: events the actual error will be passed to the hook via the environment variable DEVSPACE_HOOK_ERROR. For example:

# This will print the error to the console that has occured during a deployment
hooks:
- events: ["error:deploy:*"]
command: "echo The following error has occurred during deploying $DEVSPACE_HOOK_DEPLOY_NAME: $DEVSPACE_HOOK_ERROR"
os: darwin,windows

Execute hooks in a container#

DevSpace allows you to execute commands directly in a container instead of the local system. You can specify this in the container section of the hook:

...
hooks:
- command: |
echo Hello World!
echo From within the container!
container:
imageSelector: nginx
# Or select via labelSelector etc.
# labelSelector: ...
# namespace: ...
# containerName: ...
# pod: ...
events: ["after:deploy:my-deployment"]
...

By default, DevSpace will wait for all pods / containers that were selected with the given selector to come up. As soon as all targets are running, DevSpace will execute the hook and wait for it to finish. You can define if DevSpace should wait and how long it should wait with wait and timeout:

...
hooks:
- command: "echo"
args: ["Hello from within the container!"]
container:
imageSelector: image(app):tag(app)
# Or select via labelSelector etc.
# labelSelector: ...
# namespace: ...
# containerName: ...
# pod: ...
wait: true # This is the default
timeout: 300 # Timeout in seconds
events: ["after:deploy:my-deployment"]
...

Upload or Download files from a container#

Hooks can be used to upload or download files from a container. In the background, DevSpace will basically do a kubectl cp to the specified container. Example:

hooks:
# Upload the complete local bin folder to the container path ./bin
- upload:
localPath: bin
containerPath: bin
container:
imageSelector: image(test):tag(test)
events: ["after:deploy:my-deployment"]
# Download a single file from the container to the local path
- download:
localPath: build/artifact.jar
containerPath: /abs/path/build/artifact-test.jar
container:
imageSelector: image(java):tag(java)
events: ["after:deploy:my-deployment-2"]

Wait for a pod to be running#

This hook action can be useful if you want to ensure a certain pod is running before you continue with the pipeline. An example configuration could look like this:

...
deployments:
- name: my-database
helm:
componentChart: true
values:
...
hooks:
# This hook will ensure that everytime the deployment
# my-database is deployed that DevSpace will wait until
# all pods and containers that match the labelSelector
# app.kubernetes.io/component: my-database are running
- wait:
# DevSpace will wait for all containers that match the label selector below to become running.
# If there are init containers, make sure to set terminatedWithCode as well.
running: true
# This can be needed if there are for example init containers
# that terminate instead of become running.
terminatedWithCode: 0
container:
labelSelector:
app.kubernetes.io/component: my-database
# You could also select just a specific container with
# containerName: database-container
events: ["after:deploy:my-database"]
...

Print the logs of a container#

This action can be useful to print logs of jobs or print the logs of init containers that would not be printed otherwise during devspace dev. An example configuration could look like this:

job.yaml:

apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
name: my-pod
labels:
app.kubernetes.io/component: my-job
spec:
restartPolicy: Never
containers:
- command: ["sh"]
args: ["-c", "echo 'Job Start' && sleep 5 && echo 'Doing Things...' && sleep 5 && echo 'Job End'"]
image: alpine
name: job

devspace.yaml:

version: ...
deployments:
- name: my-job
kubectl:
manifests:
- job.yaml
hooks:
# This hook will wait until the selected container is either running or already
# terminated and then print the logs of it until it terminates.
- logs: {}
container:
labelSelector:
app.kubernetes.io/component: my-job
events: ["after:deploy:my-job"]

Execute hooks in the background#

By default, DevSpace will wait for a hook to finish and then move on with the pipeline. However, in some cases it might be desired that a hook is executed in the background to speed up a process. You can specify a background hook with the background option:

...
hooks:
- command: "sh"
args: ["-c", "sleep 10 && echo 'Hello, I was run inside the background!'"]
background: true
events: ["after:deploy"]
...

If you do not want to stream the output of the hook to the console, you can also mark the hook as silent, which will prevent any hook output:

...
hooks:
- command: "sh"
args: ["-c", "sleep 10 && echo 'Hello, I was run inside the background!'"]
background: true
silent: true
events: ["after:deploy"]
...

Execute hooks only on certain operating systems#

Hooks can be executed only on certain operating systems:

hooks:
- command: echo before image building on windows
os: windows
events: ["after:build"]
- command: echo before image building on mac and linux
os: darwin,linux
events: ["after:build"]

Execute hooks once#

Hooks can be executed only once for each targeted container. This means as long as the container where the hook was executed stays running, the hook will not be executed for this container again until it restarts. This can be useful for running one-time development tasks without using init containers. In the following example, the command would only run once for the newest container running with the image nginx:1.21.

...
hooks:
- command: |
echo Hello World!
echo From within the container!
container:
imageSelector: nginx:1.21
once: true
events: ["after:deploy"]
...

If you run devspace dev or devspace deploy now multiple times and the container is not replaced or restarted, the hook is only executed once.

Hook Context Information#

DevSpace passes certain environment variables to the hook execution:

  • DEVSPACE_HOOK_KUBE_CONTEXT: the name of the kube context that was used
  • DEVSPACE_HOOK_KUBE_NAMESPACE: the name of the kube namespace that was used
  • DEVSPACE_HOOK_OS_ARGS: json encoded os.Args that were used to call devspace
  • DEVSPACE_HOOK_ERROR: if an error has occured contains the error string (only for onError hooks)
  • DEVSPACE_HOOK_EVENT: the event that has triggered the hook

Depending on the hook there will be other context variables set that are prefixed with DEVSPACE_HOOK_.